Welcome to our Mosaic Fit’s latest guest article on GCSE pass marks.

Passing 2024 GCSEs

  • Standard setting for new 2024 GCSE Maths papers in the UK is typically done through a rigorous and well-defined process involving multiple stages and experts.
  • The goal is to determine the appropriate grade boundaries for each paper to ensure fair and consistent assessment.

Past GCSE papers  

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Exam Development

First, the GCSE subject specific experts, often referred to as “examiners” or “standard setters,” are selected.

These experts are typically experienced teachers or educators with in-depth knowledge of the subject matter.

2024 GCSE Pre-Standardization

  • The independent GCSE experts review the exam papers to establish a preliminary understanding of the papers’ difficulty levels. This step helps in identifying any potential issues or anomalies.
  • Standardization meetings are convened, where the independent experts gather to discuss the exam papers in detail.
  • The experts engage in discussions, examining sample responses from students for each grade boundary. They consider the difficulty of the questions and the expected student performance.
  • Through this dialogue, they decide where the grade boundaries should be set for each paper.

Analysis of GCSE pass marks

Statistical analysis is conducted to validate the proposed grade boundaries. Once a consensus is reached among the experts, the final grade boundaries are determined. These grade boundaries represent the minimum marks required for each grade (e.g., A*, A, B, etc.).

The grade boundaries are published alongside the exam results to provide transparency to students, teachers, and schools.

When is 2024 GCSE Results Day?

What is a typical GCSE standard setting process?

  • A group of subject specific GCSE subject matter experts discuss the performance of hypothetical 2024 GCSE students.
  • Then use their professional judgment to establish an initial set of grade boundaries.
  • After the expert judgment phase, statistical data is collected from the actual students who took the exam. This data includes their scores, responses to individual questions, and other relevant information. This information is used to analyze the performance of students on the exam.
  • The 2024 statistical GCSE data is used to rank students from the highest-scoring to the lowest-scoring. The distribution of scores is also examined to identify patterns, including any unusual or unexpected outcomes.

Alignment with previous years’ GCSE grade boundaries

  • GCSE Exam boards consult with teachers, schools, and other stakeholders. This is to gather input and feedback on the proposed grade boundaries. Also, to ensure that the final 2024 GCSE boundaries are widely accepted and seen as fair.
  • Each GCSE exam board makes final decisions on their own GCSE paper’s grade boundaries.
  • These 2024 GCSE boundaries define the minimum 2024 GCSE scores required to achieve each grade.
  • Once the GCSE grade boundaries are finalized, they are published along with the exam results.
  • GCSE Students’ scores are compared against these GCSE boundaries to determine the pupils’ final GCSE grades.

Please note that the exact process may vary from one GCSE exam board to another.

How are GCSE pass marks moderated each year?

Item Response Theory (IRT) is used to standardize and improve the fairness of the 11-plus grammar school exam.

  • IRT assesses how well each item differentiates between high-ability and low-ability students. Then test developers can ensure that the exam accurately measures the intended skills and knowledge.
  • IRT can be used to equate different versions of the 11-plus exam. This ensures that scores from different exam administrations are comparable, maintaining consistency and fairness.
  • While not as commonly applied to the 11-plus exam, IRT can potentially be used to create adaptive versions.
  • This could involve adjusting the difficulty of questions based on a student’s previous responses.

Score Scaling for GCSE grade boundaries

  • IRT transforms raw GCSE scores into scaled GCSE scores to compare students’ performance across different test administrations.
  • This maintains fairness and consistency in the admissions process.

2024 GCSE question Analysis

  • IRT analyzes the performance of individual GCSE questions.
  • Thereby identifying biased or ineffective questions.
  • By reviewing and potentially revising or removing problematic items, GCSE exams are improved over time.

Passing 2024 GCSE exams